ATK ethic groups (Yen Son district) preserve the traditional costumes

Thursday, 1/8/2019 - 08:50

Traditional clothing has accompanied humans for a long time and become an indispensable part of social life. If traditional costumes have no longer exist or fall into oblivion, it will a loss of value of culture, religion and spiritual values of ethical identity. Even though some ethnic costumes have been facing the risk of being lost, local residents in ATK communes (Yen Son district) has found their own ways to conserve these typical clothing.


Traditional costumes of ethnic groups are performed at the Culture - Sports Festival
ethnic groups in Yen Son district in 2018.

The ATK communes of Yen Son district include Trung Minh, Hung Loi, Kim Quan, Trung Son, Cong Da, Phu Thinh, Dao Vien and My Bang, where a large proportion of ethnic minority people are living.

We can easily recognize the originality and creativity of each ethnic costume. For example, Mong's costume is colorful, Nung's is simple, harmonious and Dao's is diverse in style and colors.

Cu Thi Du, Lang Chap village, Trung Son commune shared that Mong people always want to teach young generations how to create their ethnic costumes. On every weekend, local children, sitting in front of the porch, are instructed to embroider by their mothers and grandmothers. And as a result, they will be able to make their own embroidery products and teach them to the next generation and so on.


Dao women in Minh Loi village, Trung Minh commune (Yen Son) embroidered patterns on traditional costumes. Photo: Thuy Nga

However, the preservation of traditional clothing depends not only on the quantity of the product but also how frequently local people wear these clothes, especially during holiday and important occasions. Head of Bum Ke village, Hung Loi commune Then Van Phuc said the proportion of people wearing the typical dress of their ethnic groups has been decreasing in recent years, especially in men and young people. Therefore, wearing traditional costumes in every event, for example, sports and cutural events, wedding ceremonies, local festivals, etc is a good solution to tackle that problem.

According to Head of District's Culture and Information Department Nguyen Dac Tien, some ethnic groups such as Red Dao, Dao Quan Trang, Dao Quan Chet, Mong, Nung, etc still have successfully saved their traditional clothes, while other groups, namely Dao Cooc Ngang, O Giang have radically changed their clothes and only kept the old, traditional ones for women or special events.


Dao women in Minh Loi village always use their ethnic costumes for the holidays. Photo: Minh Thuy

In conditions of changing weather and culture, we can’t require or compel people to wear traditional costumes all day. Furthermore, industrial textile fabrics have reasonable price and they are always available in the market whereas hand-woven textiles are time-consuming and difficult to produce. Therefore, the preservation of traditional costume is very important today, as they represent the culture of an ethnic group.

To preserve the costumes best, they should be preserved through mass media, community activities, meetings of the same family, fellow-countrymen and clan. In particular, the role of the family in the preservation of traditional culture, including costumes preservation, is very important.


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Translated by Quang Thuan


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